Callosamia promethea – Promethea Moth

Hodges # 7764

Caterpillar foods: apple, ash, basswood, birch, cherry, lilac, maple, sassafras, spicebush, sweetgum, tulip-tree, buttonbush, magnolia, and other trees  (Bugguide)

Prometheas spend the winter as cocoons, dangling from a branch of either their food tree, or a nearby tree or shrub.

3/15/2009  Cocoon in a small Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) – probably the caterpillars’ food tree

 

I brought these back and put them in a cage, to join some other cocoons I had gotten from a friend (collected in Eau Claire County – about 30 miles from here.)

The cocoons started hatching in late May.

Males and females have different coloring and patterns on their wings.

6/23/10  Male

callosamia-promethea-male-6-23-10-1

 

6/23/2010  Female

callosamia-promethea-female-6-23-10-1

 

6/23/2010  A mated pair – the female was reared; she called in a wild male.  Prometheas mate in the daytime – in the late afternoon.  I’ve had some males show up as early as 4:00pm, and as late as 8:30.

This is a video of the mating “dance” they do.  The males fly in, sometimes more than one, and flutter around the female for a while, flapping their wings and flying up and down, in and out.  Finally one comes in closer and begins to mate, and the unsuccessful males fly away.

7/21/2009  Eggs on Wild Black Cherry leaves by a captive female

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7/22/2009  Newly hatched larvae and eggs

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7/25/2009  Newly hatched larvae and eggs

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8/10/2009  Larva with newly shed skin

callosamia-promethea-newly-shed-skin-8-10-09-1

 

8/10/2009  Two instars

callosamia-promethea-2-instars-8-10-09-1

 

8/18/2009  older larvae

callosamia-promethea-larva-8-18-09-1

 

8/18/2009   Older larva

callosamia-promethea-larva-8-18-09-2

 

9/12/2009  last instar larva

callosamia-promethea-last-instar-larva-9-12-09

 

9/12/2009  Cocoon in Wild Black Cherry leaf (captive larva)

callosamia-promethea-cocoon-9-12-09-1

 

9/12/2009  Cocoon attachment to Wild Black Cherry twig

callosamia-promethea-cocoon-9-22-09-1

 

6/23/2010  Newly elosed female  (captive)

callosamia-promethea-female-6-23-10-2

 

Wild moths and cocoons:

6/19/2011

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3/3/2013  Wild Promethea cocoon hanging from a small wild cherry

promethea cocoon 3-3-13

 

7/1/2012

Callosamia promethea 7-1-12 1

on Bugguide