Plants

These are the plants that I’ve found on our land.  Eventually I hope to have all the plants linked to photos that I’ve taken.

Aceraceae – Maple Family
Acer negndo – Box Elder
Acer rubrum – Red Maple
Acer saccarinum – Silver Maple
Acer saccharum – Sugar Maple

Anacardiaceae – Cashew Family
Rhus glabra – Smooth Sumac
Rhus typhina – Staghorn Sumac
Toxicodendron rydbergii – Western Poison Ivy

Apiaceae – Parsley Family
Angelica atropurpurea – Angelica
Cicuta maculata – Water Hemlock
Conium maculatum – Poison Hemlock*
Cryptotaenia canadensis – Honewort
Daucus carota – Queen Anne’s Lace*
Heracleum lanatum – Cow Parsnip
Osmorhiza claytonii – Hairy Sweet Cicely
Osmorhiza longistylis – Anise-root
Pastinaca sativa - Wild Parsnip*
Sanicula marilandica – Black Snakeroot
Taenidia integerrima – Yellow Pimpernel
Zizia aurea – Golden Alexander

Apocynaceae – Dogbane Family
Apocynum androsaemifolium – Dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum - Indian Hemp

Aquifoliaceae – Holly Family
Ilex verticillata – Winterberry

Araceae – Arum Family
Arisaema atrorubens – Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Araliaceae – Ginseng Family
Aralia nudicaulis – Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa – Spikenard

Aristolochiaceae – Birthwort Family
Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger

Asclepiadaceae – Milkweed Family
Asclepias exaltata – Poke Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata – Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca – Common Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterfly Weed
Asclepias verticillata – Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora – Green Milkweed

Aspleniaceae – Spleenwort Family
Asplenium platyneuron – Ebony Spleenwort

Balsaminaceae – Touch-me-not Family
Impatiens capensis – Jewelweed

Berberidaceae – Barberry Family
Caulophyllum thalictroides – Blue Cohosh

Betulaceae – Birch Family
Alnus incana – Speckled Alder
Betula papyrifera – White Birch
Betula pumila – Bog Birch
Corylus americana – American Hazelnut

Boraginaceae – Borage Family
Hackelia virginiana – Virginia Stickseed
Lithospermum canescens – Hoary Puccoon
Lithospermum incisum – Fringed Puccoon

Brassicaceae – Mustard Family
Alliaria petiolata – Garlic Mustard*
Arabis laevigata – Smooth Rock-cress
Arabis lyrata – Sand Cress
Cardamine bulbosa – Spring-cress
Draba reptans – Common Whitlow-grass
Hesperis matronalis – Dame’s Rocket*

Campanulaceae – Bellflower Family
Campanula americana – American Bellflower
Campanula aparinoides – Marsh Bellflower
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Cannabanaceae – Hemp Family
Humulus lupulus – Common Hop

Capparidaceae – Caper Family
Polanisia dodecandra – Clammy-weed

Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle Family
Diervilla lonicera – Bush Honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica – Mountain Honeysuckle
Lonicera maackii – Amur Honeysuckle*
Lonicera tartarica – Tartarian Honeysuckle*
Sambucus canadensis – Common Elderberry
Triosteum perfoliatum – Tinker’s Weed +
Viburnum lentago – Nannyberry

Caryophyllaceae – Pink Family
Silene antirrhina – Sleepy Catchfly
Stellaria longifolia – Long-leaved Stitchwort

Celastraceae – Bittersweet Family
Celastrus scandens – American Bittersweet

Chenopodiaceae – Goosefoot Family
Chenopodium pratericola – Desert Goosefoot

Cistaceae – Rock-rose Family
Helianthemum bicknellii – Hoary Frostweed
Lechea intermedia – Pinweed
Lechea stricta – Prairie Pinweed

Commelinaceae – Spiderwort Family
Tradescantia ohiensis – Common Spiderwort

Compositae – Sunflower Family
Achillea millefolium – Yarrow
Ambrosia artemisiifolia – Common Ragweed
Ambrosia trifida – Great Ragweed
Antennaria neglecta – Field Pussy Toes
Antennaria plantaginifolia – Plantain Pussy Toes
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium – Pale Indian-plantain #
Artemisia campestris – Wormwood
Aster ericoides – Heath Aster
Aster firmus – Shining Aster
Aster laevis – Smooth Blue Aster
Aster lanceolatus – White Panicled Aster
Aster lateriflorus – Calico Aster
Aster macrophyllus – Big Leafed Aster
Aster novae-angliae – New England Aster
Aster oblongifolius – Aromatic Aster
Aster oolentangiensis – Sky Blue Aster
Aster puniceus – Swamp Aster
Aster sagittifolius – Arrow-leaved Aster
Aster sericeus – Silky Aster
Aster umbellatus – Flat-topped Aster
Bidens cernuus – Nodding Beggar-ticks
Bidens frondosa – Common Beggar Ticks
Cirsium altissimum – Wood Thistle
Cirsium discolor – Field Thistle
Cirsium muticum – Swamp Thistle
Coreopsis palmata – Prairie Coreopsis
Erechtites hieracifolia – American Burn-weed
Erigeron annuus – Annual Fleabane
Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus – Robin’s Plantain
Erigeron strigosus – Daisy Fleabane
Eupatorium maculatum – Joe Pye Weed
Eupatorium perfoliatum – Boneset
Eupatorium purpureum – Green-stemmed Joe-Pye-Weed
Eupatorium rugosum – White Snakeroot
Euthamia graminifolia – Grass Leafed Goldenrod
Gnaphalium obtusifolium – Sweet Everlasting
Helenium autumnale – Sneezeweed
Helianthus giganteus – Tall Sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus – Saw-tooth Sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis – Naked-stemmed Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus/hirsutus – Rough Sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides – Oxeye
Hieracium kalmii – Canada Hawkweed
Hieracium scabrum – Rough Hawkweed
Krigia biflora – False Dandelion
Kuhnia eupatorioides – False Boneset
Liatris aspera – Rough Blazing Star (white flowered variation)
Liatris ligulistylis – Showy Blazing Star #
Liatris punctata – Dotted Blazing Star +
Liatris pycnostachya – Prairie Blazing Star #
Prenanthes alba – White Lettuce
Ratibida pinnata – Yellow Coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta – Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia laciniata – Cut-leaved Coneflower
Senecio aurea – Golden Ragwort
Senecio paupercula – Balsam Ragwort
Silphium perfoliatum – Cup Plant
Solidago canadensis – Canada Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis – Zig-zag Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea – Giant Goldenrod
Solidago missouriensis – Missouri Goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis – Gray Goldenrod
Solidago ptarmicoides – Upland White Goldenrod
Solidago rigida – Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago speciosa – Showy Goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa – Bog Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia – Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion*

Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory Family
Calystegia sepium – Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia spithamaea – Low Bindweed

Cornaceae – Dogwood Family
Cornus alternifolia – Pagoda Dogwood
Cornus racemosa – Gray Dogwood
Cornus rugosa
Cornus stolonifera – Red Osier

Crassulaceae – Sedum Family
Penthorum sedoides – Ditch Stonecrop

Cucurbitaceae – Cucumber Family
Echinocystis lobata – Wild Cucumber

Cupressaceae – Cypress Family
Juniperus communis – Common Juniper
Juniperus virginiana – Eastern Red Cedar

Cuscutaceae – Dodder Family
Cuscuta gronovii – Common Dodder

Cyperaceae – Sedge Family
Carex bicknellii – Bicknell’s Sedge
Carex pennsylvanica – Pennsylvania Sedge
Carex trichocarpa
Cyperus strigosus – False Nut-sedge
Scirpus atrovirens – Black Bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus – Panicled Bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus – Wool Grass

Dennstaedtiaceae – Bracken Fern Family
Pteridium aquilinum – Bracken Fern

Dryopteridaceae – True Fern Family
Athyrium filix-femina – Lady Fern
Dryopteris carthusiana – Toothed Wood Fern
Gymnocarpium dryopteris – Common Oak Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris – Ostrich Fern
Onoclea sensibilis – Sensitive Fern

Euphorbiaceae – Spurge Family
Euphorbia corollata - Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia davidii – David’s Spurge*

Equisetaceae – Horsetail Family
Equisetum arvense – Common Horsetail
Equisetum hyemale – Common Scouring Rush

Fabaceae – Bean Family
Amorpha canescens – Lead Plant (closeup)
Amphicarpea bracteata – Hog Peanut
Apios americana – Groundnut
Astragalus canadensis – Canada Milk-vetch
Dalea purpurea – Purple Prairie Clover
Desmodium canadense – Canada Tick-trefoil (closeup)
Desmodium glutinosum – Clustered Tick-trefoil(closeup)
Lathyrus palustris – Marsh Pea
Lathyrus venosus – Veiny Pea
Lespedeza capitata – Bush Clover
Lotus corniculatus – Birds Foot Trefoil*

Fagaceae – Beech Family
Quercus alba – White Oak
Quercus ellipsoidalis – Hill’s Oak
Quercus macrocarpa – Burr Oak
Quercus rubra – Red Oak
Quercus velutina – Black Oak

Gentianaceae – Gentian Family
Gentiana alba – Cream Gentian
Gentiana quinquefolia – Stiff Gentian
Gentianopsis crinita – Fringed Gentian

Geraniaceae – Geranium Family
Geranium maculatum – Wild Geranium

Gramineae – Grass Family
Andropogon gerardii – Big Bluestem
Bouteloua curtipendula – Side Oats Gramma
Bouteloua hirsuta – Hairy Gramma
Bromus altissimus – Ear-leafed Brome
Bromus ciliatus – Fringed Brome
Bromus kalmii – Prairie Brome
Cenchrus longispinus – Sandbur
Elymus canadensis – Canada Wild-rye +
Elymus hystrix - Bottlebrush Grass
Elymus trachycaulus – Slender Wheat Grass
Elymus riparius – Riverbank Wild-rye
Eragrostis spectabilis – Purple Lovegrass
Glyceria grandis – Manna Grass
Glyceria striata – Fowl Manna Grass
Leersia oryzoides – Cutgrass
Muhlenbergia cuspidata – Prairie Satin Grass
Muhlenbergia racemosa – Upland Wild Timothy
Panicum oligosanthes – Few-flowered Panic Grass
Paspalum setaceum – Hairy Bead Grass
Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans – Indian Grass
Spartina pectinata – Prairie Cord Grass +
Sporobolus heterolepis – Prairie Dropseed
Stipa Spartea – Needle Grass

Grossulariaceae – Gooseberry Family
Ribes americanum – American Black Current
Ribes missouriense – Missouri Gooseberry

Hypericaceae – St. John’s Wort Family
Hypericum majus – Larger Canadian St. John’s Wort
Hypericum punctatum – Spotted St. John’s Wort
Hypericum pyramidatum – Great St. John’s Wort

Hypoxidaceae – Star-grass Family
Hypoxis hirsuta – Yellow Star-grass

Iridaceae – Iris Family
Sisyrinchium campestre – Prairie Blue Eyed Grass

Juglandaceae – Walnut Family
Carya ovata – Shagbark Hickory
Juglans nigra – Black Walnut

Juncaceae – Rush Family
Juncus dudleyi – Dudley’s Rush
Juncus effusus – Common Rush
Luzula multiflora – Common Wood Rush

Labiatae – Mint Family
Hedeoma hispida – Rough False Pennyroyal
Lycopus americanus – Water Horehound
Mentha arvensis – Wild Mint
Monarda fistulosa – Bergamot
Prunella vulgaris – Heal-all
Pycnanthemum pilosum – Hairy Mountain Mint #
Pycnanthemum virginianum – Mountain Mint
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis - Small Skullcap
Stachys palustris – Hedge-nettle

Liliaceae – Lily Family
Lilium michiganense – Turks Cap Lily
Maianthemum canadense – Wild Lily of the Valley
Maianthemum racemosum – False Solomon’s Seal
Maianthemum stellatum – Starry False Solomon’s Seal
Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon’s Seal
Trillium flexipes – Nodding Trillium
Uvularia grandiflora – Bellwort
Zigadenus elegans – White Camas

Linaceae – Flax Family
Linum sulcatum – Yellow Flax

Lobeliaceae – Lobelia Family
Lobelia inflata – Indian Tobacco
Lobelia siphilitica – Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia spicata – Spiked Lobelia

Lycopodiaceae – Clubmoss Family
Diphasiastrum digitatum
Trailing Ground Pine
Huperzia lucidula
– Shining Club Moss

Monotropaceae – Indian-pipe Family
Monotropa uniflora – Indian Pipe

Nyctaginaceae – Four-o’clock Family
Mirabilis nyctaginea – Wild Four-o’clock

Onagraceae – Evening-primrose Family
Epilobium coloratum – Eastern Willow-herb
Epilobium leptophyllum – American Marsh Willow-herb
Oenothera biennis – Evening Primrose

Ophioglossaceae – Adder’s Tongue Family
Botrychium dissectum – Dissected Grape-fern (phase with less dissected leaves)
Botrychium virginianum – Rattlesnake Fern

Orchidaceae – Orchid Family
Coeloglossum viride – Frog Orchid
Corallorhiza odontorhiza – Autumn Coralroot
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens – Large Yellow Lady’s Slipper
Galearis spectabilis – Showy Orchis
Goodyera pubescens – Downy Rattlesnake-plantain
Liparis lilifolia – Purple Twayblade
Liparis loeselii – Green Twayblade
Spiranthes magnicamporum – Great Plains Ladies Tresses

Orobanchaecae – Broom-rape Family
Orobanche uniflora – One-flowered Broom-rape

Osmundaceae – Royal Fern Family
Osmunda claytoniana – Interrupted Fern

Oxalidaceae – Wood-sorrel Family
Oxalis stricta – Common Yellow Wood-sorrel
Oxalis violacea – Violet Wood-sorrel

Papaveraceae – Poppy Family
Sanguinaria canadensis – Bloodroot

Plantaginaceae – Plantain Family
Plantago rugelii – American Plantain

Polemoniaceae – Phlox Family
Polemonium reptans – Jacob’s Ladder

Polygalaceae – Milkwort Family
Polygala polygama – Purple Milkwort
Polygala sanguinea – Field Milkwort
Polygala verticillata var. isocycla – WhorledMilkwort

Polygonaceae – Buckwheat Family
Polygonum punctatum – Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum sagittatum – Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Polygonum scandens – Climbing False Buckwheat
Rumex altissimus – Water Dock
Rumex crispus - Curly Dock*
Rumex orbiculatus – Great Water Dock

Potamogetonaceae – Pondweed Family
Potamogeton foliosus – Leafy Pondweed

Primulaceae – Primrose Family
Lysimachia ciliata – Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora - Narrow-leaved Loosestrife
Trientalis borealis – Starflower

Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern Family
Adiantum pedatum – Maidenhair Fern
Pellaea glabella – Smooth Cliff Brake

Pyrolaceae – Wintergreen Family
Pyrola elliptica – Large-flowered Shin-leaf

Ranunculaceae – Buttercup Family
Actaea rubra – Red Baneberry
Anemone canadensis – Canada Anemone
Anemone cylindrica – Thimbleweed
Anemone quinquefolia – Wood Anemone
Anemone virginiana – Tall Thimbleweed
Aquilegia canadensis – Columbine
Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold
Clematis virginiana – Wild Clematis
Ranunculus abortivus – Small-flowered Buttercup
Ranunculus acris – Meadow Buttercup*
Ranunculus hispidus – Rough Buttercup
Ranunculus recurvata – Hooked Buttercup
Thalictrum dasycarpum – Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum – Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum thalictroides – Rue Anemone

Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn Family
Ceanothus americanus – New Jersey Tea
Rhamnus cathartica – Common Buckthorn*

Rosaceae – Rose Family
Agrimonia gryposepala – Common Agrimony
Agrimonia striata – Roadside Agrimony
Amelanchier laevis – Smooth Serviceberry
Crataegus sp. – Hawthorne
Fragaria sp.- Wild Strawberry
Geum aleppicum – Yellow Avens
Geum canadense – White Avens
Geum triflorum – Prairie Smoke
Physocarpus opulifolius – Common Ninebark
Potentilla simplex – Common Cinquefoil
Prunus americana – Wild Plum
Prunus pennsylvanica – Fire Cherry
Prunus serotina – Wild Black Cherry
Prunus virginiana – Chokecherry
Rosa sp. – Wild Rose
Rubus allegheniensis – Blackberry
Rubus flagellaris – Northern Dewberry
Rubus hispidus – Dewberry
Rubus idaeus – Raspberry
Rubus occidentalis – Black Raspberry
Rubus pubescens – Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rubiaceae – Madder Family
Galium aparine – Cleavers
Galium asprellum – Rough Bedstraw
Galium boreale – Northern Bedstraw
Galium triflorum – Fragrant Bedstraw

Rutaceae – Rue Family
Zanthoxylum americanum – Prickly Ash

Salicaceae – Willow Family
Populus deltoides – Cottonwood
Populus grandidentata – Big Toothed Aspen
Populus tremuloides – Quaking Aspen
Salix candida – Sage Willow
Salix humilis – Prairie Willow
Salix interior – Sandbar Willow

Santalaceae – Sandalwood Family
Comandra umbellata – Bastard Toadflax

Saxifragaceae – Saxifrage Family
Mitella diphylla – Bishop’s Cap
Heuchera richardsonii – Prairie Alumroot
Saxifraga pennsylvanica – Swamp Saxifrage

Scrophulariaceae – Figwort Family
Agalinis aspera – Rough False Foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia – Common False Foxglove
Castilleja sessiliflora – Downy Yellow Painted Cup
Chelone glabra – Turtlehead
Mimulus ringens – Monkey Flower
Pedicularis canadensis – Wood Betony
Pedicularis lanceolata – Swamp Lousewort
Scrophularia lanceolata – Figwort
Veronica serpyllifolia – Thyme-leaved Speedwell
Veronicastrum virginicum – Culver’s Root

Smilacaceae – Catbrier Family
Smilax lasioneura – Common Carrion Flower

Solonaceae – Nightshade Family
Physalis heterophylla – Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis virginiana – Virginia Ground Cherry

Thelypteridaceae
Thelypteris palustris – Marsh Fern

Tiliaceae – Linden Family
Tilia americana – American Basswood

Typhaceae – Cat-tail Family
Typha angustifolia – Narrow-leaved Cattail*
Typha latifolia – Cattail

Ulmaceae – Elm Family
Celtis occidentalis – Northern Hackberry
Ulmus americana – American Elm

Urticaceae – Nettle Family
Pilea pumila – Clearweed
Urtica dioica – Stinging Nettle

Verbenaceae – Vervain Family
Phryma leptostachya – Lopseed
Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain
Verbena urticifolia – White Vervain

Violaceae – Violet Family
Viola affinis – Sand Violet
Viola macloskeyi – Small White Violet
Viola x palmata – Early Blue Violet
Viola pedata
– Birdfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida – Prairie Violet
Viola pubescens
– Yellow Violet
Viola sororia – Common Blue Violet

Vitaceae
Parthenocissus vitacea – Grape Woodbine
Vitis riparia – Frost Grape

* Exotic species – not native

+ Native species that weren’t here when we first explored – as far as I know – and that I’ve used in my plantings

# Species that I didn’t plant, and I didn’t notice when we first arrived.  They may have come in with seeds I purchased, or were brought in by animals, or maybe were here all along and I just didn’t see them.

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