Plants

These are the plants that I've found on our land.  Eventually I hope to have all the plants linked to photos that I've taken.

Aceraceae - Maple Family
Acer negndo - Box Elder
Acer rubrum - Red Maple
Acer saccarinum - Silver Maple
Acer saccharum - Sugar Maple

Anacardiaceae - Cashew Family
Rhus glabra - Smooth Sumac
Rhus typhina - Staghorn Sumac
Toxicodendron rydbergii - Western Poison Ivy

Apiaceae – Parsley Family
Angelica atropurpurea – Angelica
Cicuta maculata - Water Hemlock
Conium maculatum - Poison Hemlock*
Cryptotaenia canadensis – Honewort
Daucus carota - Queen Anne's Lace*
Heracleum lanatum - Cow Parsnip
Osmorhiza claytonii - Hairy Sweet Cicely
Osmorhiza longistylis - Anise-root
Pastinaca sativa - Wild Parsnip*
Sanicula marilandica - Black Snakeroot
Taenidia integerrima – Yellow Pimpernel
Zizia aurea - Golden Alexander

Apocynaceae – Dogbane Family
Apocynum androsaemifolium – Dogbane
Apocynum sibiricum - Clasping Dogbane

Aquifoliaceae - Holly Family
Ilex verticillata - Winterberry

Araceae – Arum Family
Arisaema atrorubens - Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Araliaceae – Ginseng Family
Aralia nudicaulis - Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa – Spikenard

Aristolochiaceae – Birthwort Family
Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger

Asclepiadaceae – Milkweed Family
Asclepias exaltata - Poke Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata - Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca - Common Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa - Butterfly Weed
Asclepias verticillata - Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora - Green Milkweed

Aspleniaceae - Spleenwort Family
Asplenium platyneuron - Ebony Spleenwort

Balsaminaceae – Touch-me-not Family
Impatiens capensis - Jewelweed

Berberidaceae - Barberry Family
Caulophyllum thalictroides - Blue Cohosh

Betulaceae - Birch Family
Alnus incana - Speckled Alder
Betula papyrifera - White Birch
Betula pumila - Bog Birch
Corylus americana - American Hazelnut

Boraginaceae – Borage Family
Hackelia virginiana - Virginia Stickseed
Lithospermum canescens - Hoary Puccoon
Lithospermum incisum - Fringed Puccoon

Brassicaceae – Mustard Family
Alliaria petiolata - Garlic Mustard*
Arabis laevigata - Smooth Rock-cress
Arabis lyrata - Sand Cress
Cardamine bulbosa – Spring-cress
Draba reptans - Common Whitlow-grass
Hesperis matronalis - Dame's Rocket*

Campanulaceae – Bellflower Family
Campanula americana – American Bellflower
Campanula aparinoides - Marsh Bellflower
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Cannabanaceae - Hemp Family
Humulus lupulus - Common Hop

Capparidaceae – Caper Family
Polanisia dodecandra – Clammy-weed

Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle Family
Diervilla lonicera – Bush Honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica - Mountain Honeysuckle
Lonicera maackii - Amur Honeysuckle*
Lonicera tartarica - Tartarian Honeysuckle*
Sambucus canadensis - Common Elderberry
Triosteum perfoliatum - Tinker's Weed +
Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry

Caryophyllaceae – Pink Family
Silene antirrhina – Sleepy Catchfly
Stellaria longifolia - Long-leaved Stitchwort

Celastraceae - Bittersweet Family
Celastrus scandens - American Bittersweet

Chenopodiaceae - Goosefoot Family
Chenopodium pratericola - Desert Goosefoot

Cistaceae – Rock-rose Family
Helianthemum bicknellii - Hoary Frostweed
Lechea intermedia – Pinweed
Lechea stricta – Prairie Pinweed

Commelinaceae – Spiderwort Family
Tradescantia ohiensis - Common Spiderwort

Compositae – Sunflower Family
Achillea millefolium – Yarrow
Ambrosia artemisiifolia - Common Ragweed
Ambrosia trifida - Great Ragweed
Antennaria neglecta - Field Pussy Toes
Antennaria plantaginifolia - Plantain Pussy Toes
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium - Pale Indian-plantain #
Artemisia campestris – Wormwood
Aster ericoides - Heath Aster
Aster firmus - Shining Aster
Aster laevis - Smooth Blue Aster
Aster lanceolatus - White Panicled Aster
Aster lateriflorus - Calico Aster
Aster macrophyllus - Big Leafed Aster
Aster novae-angliae - New England Aster
Aster oblongifolius - Aromatic Aster
Aster oolentangiensis - Sky Blue Aster
Aster puniceus - Swamp Aster
Aster sagittifolius - Arrow-leaved Aster
Aster sericeus - Silky Aster
Aster umbellatus – Flat-topped Aster
Bidens cernuus - Nodding Beggar-ticks
Bidens frondosa - Common Beggar Ticks
Cirsium altissimum - Wood Thistle
Cirsium discolor - Field Thistle
Cirsium muticum - Swamp Thistle
Coreopsis palmata - Prairie Coreopsis
Erechtites hieracifolia – American Burn-weed
Erigeron annuus - Annual Fleabane
Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus – Robin’s Plantain
Erigeron strigosus - Daisy Fleabane
Eupatorium maculatum - Joe Pye Weed
Eupatorium perfoliatum – Boneset
Eupatorium purpureum - Green-stemmed Joe-Pye-Weed
Eupatorium rugosum - White Snakeroot
Euthamia graminifolia – Grass Leafed Goldenrod
Gnaphalium obtusifolium - Sweet Everlasting
Helenium autumnale - Sneezeweed
Helianthus giganteus - Tall Sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus - Saw-tooth Sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis - Naked-stemmed Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus/hirsutus - Rough Sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides – Oxeye
Hieracium kalmii - Canada Hawkweed
Hieracium scabrum - Rough Hawkweed
Krigia biflora – False Dandelion
Kuhnia eupatorioides - False Boneset
Liatris aspera - Rough Blazing Star (white flowered variation)
Liatris ligulistylis - Showy Blazing Star #
Liatris punctata - Dotted Blazing Star +
Liatris pycnostachya - Prairie Blazing Star #
Prenanthes alba - White Lettuce
Ratibida pinnata - Yellow Coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta - Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia laciniata – Cut-leaved Coneflower
Senecio aurea - Golden Ragwort
Senecio paupercula - Balsam Ragwort
Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant
Solidago canadensis - Canada Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis – Zig-zag Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea - Giant Goldenrod
Solidago missouriensis – Missouri Goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis - Gray Goldenrod
Solidago ptarmicoides - Upland White Goldenrod
Solidago rigida - Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago speciosa - Showy Goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa - Bog Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia - Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Taraxacum officinale - Dandelion*

Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory Family
Calystegia sepium - Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia spithamaea – Low Bindweed

Cornaceae - Dogwood Family
Cornus alternifolia - Pagoda Dogwood
Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood
Cornus rugosa
Cornus stolonifera - Red Osier

Crassulaceae – Sedum Family
Penthorum sedoides - Ditch Stonecrop

Cucurbitaceae – Cucumber Family
Echinocystis lobata - Wild Cucumber

Cupressaceae - Cypress Family
Juniperus communis - Common Juniper
Juniperus virginiana - Eastern Red Cedar

Cuscutaceae - Dodder Family
Cuscuta gronovii - Common Dodder

Cyperaceae - Sedge Family
Carex bicknellii - Bicknell's Sedge
Carex pennsylvanica - Pennsylvania Sedge
Carex trichocarpa
Cyperus strigosus - False Nut-sedge
Scirpus atrovirens – Black Bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus - Panicled Bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus - Wool Grass

Dennstaedtiaceae - Bracken Fern Family
Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken Fern

Dryopteridaceae - True Fern Family
Athyrium filix-femina - Lady Fern
Dryopteris carthusiana - Toothed Wood Fern
Gymnocarpium dryopteris - Common Oak Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris - Ostrich Fern
Onoclea sensibilis - Sensitive Fern

Euphorbiaceae – Spurge Family
Euphorbia corollata - Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia davidii - David's Spurge*

Equisetaceae – Horsetail Family
Equisetum arvense - Common Horsetail
Equisetum hyemale - Common Scouring Rush

Fabaceae – Bean Family
Amorpha canescens - Lead Plant (closeup)
Amphicarpea bracteata – Hog Peanut
Apios americana - Groundnut
Astragalus canadensis - Canada Milk-vetch
Dalea purpurea - Purple Prairie Clover
Desmodium canadense - Canada Tick-trefoil (closeup)
Desmodium glutinosum - Clustered Tick-trefoil(closeup)
Lathyrus palustris - Marsh Pea
Lathyrus venosus - Veiny Pea
Lespedeza capitata - Bush Clover
Lotus corniculatus - Birds Foot Trefoil*

Fagaceae - Beech Family
Quercus alba - White Oak
Quercus ellipsoidalis - Hill's Oak
Quercus macrocarpa - Burr Oak
Quercus rubra - Red Oak
Quercus velutina - Black Oak

Gentianaceae – Gentian Family
Gentiana alba - Cream Gentian
Gentiana quinquefolia - Stiff Gentian
Gentianopsis crinita - Fringed Gentian

Geraniaceae – Geranium Family
Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium

Gramineae - Grass Family
Andropogon gerardii - Big Bluestem
Bouteloua curtipendula - Side Oats Gramma
Bouteloua hirsuta - Hairy Gramma
Bromus altissimus - Ear-leafed Brome
Bromus ciliatus - Fringed Brome
Bromus kalmii - Prairie Brome
Cenchrus longispinus - Sandbur
Elymus canadensis - Canada Wild-rye +
Elymus hystrix - Bottlebrush Grass
Elymus trachycaulus – Slender Wheat Grass
Elymus riparius - Riverbank Wild-rye
Eragrostis spectabilis - Purple Lovegrass
Glyceria grandis - Manna Grass
Glyceria striata - Fowl Manna Grass
Leersia oryzoides - Cutgrass
Muhlenbergia cuspidata - Prairie Satin Grass
Muhlenbergia racemosa - Upland Wild Timothy
Panicum oligosanthes - Few-flowered Panic Grass
Paspalum setaceum - Hairy Bead Grass
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans - Indian Grass
Spartina pectinata - Prairie Cord Grass +
Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie Dropseed
Stipa Spartea - Needle Grass

Grossulariaceae - Gooseberry Family
Ribes americanum - American Black Current
Ribes missouriense - Missouri Gooseberry

Hypericaceae – St. John’s Wort Family
Hypericum majus - Larger Canadian St. John's Wort
Hypericum punctatum – Spotted St. John’s Wort
Hypericum pyramidatum - Great St. John's Wort

Hypoxidaceae – Star-grass Family
Hypoxis hirsuta - Yellow Star-grass

Iridaceae – Iris Family
Sisyrinchium campestre – Prairie Blue Eyed Grass

Juglandaceae - Walnut Family
Carya ovata - Shagbark Hickory
Juglans nigra - Black Walnut

Juncaceae - Rush Family
Juncus dudleyi - Dudley's Rush
Juncus effusus - Common Rush
Luzula multiflora - Common Wood Rush

Labiatae – Mint Family
Hedeoma hispida - Rough False Pennyroyal
Lycopus americanus - Water Horehound
Mentha arvensis - Wild Mint
Monarda fistulosa – Bergamot
Prunella vulgaris - Heal-all
Pycnanthemum pilosum - Hairy Mountain Mint #
Pycnanthemum virginianum - Mountain Mint
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis - Small Skullcap
Stachys palustris - Hedge-nettle

Liliaceae – Lily Family
Lilium michiganense - Turks Cap Lily
Maianthemum canadense - Wild Lily of the Valley
Maianthemum racemosum - False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum stellatum - Starry False Solomon's Seal
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's Seal
Trillium flexipes - Nodding Trillium
Uvularia grandiflora - Bellwort
Zigadenus elegans - White Camas

Linaceae – Flax Family
Linum sulcatum - Yellow Flax

Lobeliaceae – Lobelia Family
Lobelia inflata - Indian Tobacco
Lobelia siphilitica - Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia spicata - Spiked Lobelia

Lycopodiaceae - Clubmoss Family
Diphasiastrum digitatum
-
Trailing Ground Pine
Huperzia lucidula
- Shining Club Moss

Monotropaceae – Indian-pipe Family
Monotropa uniflora - Indian Pipe

Nyctaginaceae – Four-o’clock Family
Mirabilis nyctaginea - Wild Four-o'clock

Onagraceae – Evening-primrose Family
Epilobium coloratum - Eastern Willow-herb
Epilobium leptophyllum - American Marsh Willow-herb
Oenothera biennis - Evening Primrose

Ophioglossaceae - Adder's Tongue Family
Botrychium dissectum - Dissected Grape-fern (phase with less dissected leaves)
Botrychium virginianum - Rattlesnake Fern

Orchidaceae – Orchid Family
Coeloglossum viride – Frog Orchid
Corallorhiza odontorhiza - Autumn Coralroot
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens - Large Yellow Lady's Slipper
Galearis spectabilis - Showy Orchis
Goodyera pubescens – Downy Rattlesnake-plantain
Liparis lilifolia – Purple Twayblade
Liparis loeselii - Green Twayblade
Spiranthes magnicamporum - Great Plains Ladies Tresses

Orobanchaecae - Broom-rape Family
Orobanche uniflora - One-flowered Broom-rape

Osmundaceae - Royal Fern Family
Osmunda claytoniana - Interrupted Fern

Oxalidaceae – Wood-sorrel Family
Oxalis stricta – Common Yellow Wood-sorrel
Oxalis violacea - Violet Wood-sorrel

Papaveraceae – Poppy Family
Sanguinaria canadensis - Bloodroot

Plantaginaceae – Plantain Family
Plantago rugelii – American Plantain

Polemoniaceae – Phlox Family
Polemonium reptans - Jacob's Ladder

Polygalaceae – Milkwort Family
Polygala polygama - Purple Milkwort
Polygala sanguinea – Field Milkwort
Polygala verticillata var. isocycla – WhorledMilkwort

Polygonaceae - Buckwheat Family
Polygonum punctatum - Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum sagittatum - Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Polygonum scandens - Climbing False Buckwheat
Rumex altissimus - Water Dock
Rumex crispus - Curly Dock*
Rumex orbiculatus - Great Water Dock

Potamogetonaceae – Pondweed Family
Potamogeton foliosus - Leafy Pondweed

Primulaceae – Primrose Family
Lysimachia ciliata - Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora - Narrow-leaved Loosestrife
Trientalis borealis - Starflower

Pteridaceae - Maidenhair Fern Family
Adiantum pedatum - Maidenhair Fern
Pellaea glabella - Smooth Cliff Brake

Pyrolaceae – Wintergreen Family
Pyrola elliptica – Large-flowered Shin-leaf

Ranunculaceae – Buttercup Family
Actaea rubra - Red Baneberry
Anemone canadensis - Canada Anemone
Anemone cylindrica – Thimbleweed
Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemone
Anemone virginiana - Tall Thimbleweed
Aquilegia canadensis – Columbine
Caltha palustris - Marsh Marigold
Clematis virginiana - Wild Clematis
Ranunculus abortivus - Small-flowered Buttercup
Ranunculus acris - Meadow Buttercup*
Ranunculus hispidus - Rough Buttercup
Ranunculus recurvata - Hooked Buttercup
Thalictrum dasycarpum - Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum – Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum thalictroides - Rue Anemone

Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn Family
Ceanothus americanus - New Jersey Tea
Rhamnus cathartica - Common Buckthorn*

Rosaceae – Rose Family
Agrimonia gryposepala - Common Agrimony
Agrimonia striata - Roadside Agrimony
Amelanchier laevis - Smooth Serviceberry
Crataegus sp. - Hawthorne
Fragaria sp.- Wild Strawberry
Geum aleppicum - Yellow Avens
Geum canadense – White Avens
Geum triflorum - Prairie Smoke
Physocarpus opulifolius – Common Ninebark
Potentilla simplex - Common Cinquefoil
Prunus americana - Wild Plum
Prunus pennsylvanica - Fire Cherry
Prunus serotina - Wild Black Cherry
Prunus virginiana - Chokecherry
Rosa sp. - Wild Rose
Rubus allegheniensis - Blackberry
Rubus flagellaris - Northern Dewberry
Rubus hispidus – Dewberry
Rubus idaeus - Raspberry
Rubus occidentalis - Black Raspberry
Rubus pubescens - Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rubiaceae – Madder Family
Galium aparine - Cleavers
Galium asprellum - Rough Bedstraw
Galium boreale - Northern Bedstraw
Galium triflorum - Fragrant Bedstraw

Rutaceae - Rue Family
Zanthoxylum americanum - Prickly Ash

Salicaceae - Willow Family
Populus deltoides - Cottonwood
Populus grandidentata - Big Toothed Aspen
Populus tremuloides - Quaking Aspen
Salix candida - Sage Willow
Salix humilis - Prairie Willow
Salix interior - Sandbar Willow

Santalaceae – Sandalwood Family
Comandra umbellata - Bastard Toadflax

Saxifragaceae – Saxifrage Family
Mitella diphylla - Bishop's Cap
Heuchera richardsonii – Prairie Alumroot
Saxifraga pennsylvanica - Swamp Saxifrage

Scrophulariaceae – Figwort Family
Agalinis aspera - Rough False Foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia - Common False Foxglove
Castilleja sessiliflora - Downy Yellow Painted Cup
Chelone glabra – Turtlehead
Mimulus ringens - Monkey Flower
Pedicularis canadensis - Wood Betony
Pedicularis lanceolata - Swamp Lousewort
Scrophularia lanceolata - Figwort
Veronica serpyllifolia - Thyme-leaved Speedwell
Veronicastrum virginicum – Culver’s Root

Smilacaceae - Catbrier Family
Smilax lasioneura - Common Carrion Flower

Solonaceae – Nightshade Family
Physalis heterophylla - Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis virginiana - Virginia Ground Cherry

Thelypteridaceae
Thelypteris palustris - Marsh Fern

Tiliaceae - Linden Family
Tilia americana - American Basswood

Typhaceae – Cat-tail Family
Typha angustifolia - Narrow-leaved Cattail*
Typha latifolia - Cattail

Ulmaceae - Elm Family
Celtis occidentalis - Northern Hackberry
Ulmus americana - American Elm

Urticaceae – Nettle Family
Pilea pumila - Clearweed
Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle

Verbenaceae – Vervain Family
Phryma leptostachya - Lopseed
Verbena hastata
- Blue Vervain
Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain

Violaceae – Violet Family
Viola affinis - Sand Violet
Viola macloskeyi - Small White Violet
Viola x palmata - Early Blue Violet
Viola pedata
- Birdfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida - Prairie Violet
Viola pubescens
– Yellow Violet
Viola sororia - Common Blue Violet

Vitaceae
Parthenocissus vitacea - Grape Woodbine
Vitis riparia - Frost Grape

* Exotic species - not native

+ Native species that weren't here when we first explored - as far as I know - and that I've used in my plantings

# Species that I didn't plant, and I didn't notice when we first arrived.  They may have come in with seeds I purchased, or were brought in by animals, or maybe were here all along and I just didn't see them.

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